Chemistry 1 HD Chapter 4; Chemistry I - Chapter 9
Nomenclature Review

Students should be able to

1. The formulas and common names for several substances are given below. Give the systematic names for these substances.

Common Name

Chemical Formula

Systematic Name

a.

Sugar of lead

Pb(C2H3O2)2

 

b.

Blue vitrol

CuSO4

 

c.

Epsom salts

MgSO4

 

d.

Milk of magnesia

Mg(OH)2

 

e.

Gypsum

CaSO4

 

f.

Laughing gas

N2O

 


2. Write the formula for each of the following compounds:

  1. Sulfur difluoride
  2. Sulfur hexafluoride
  3. Sodium phosphate
  4. Lithium nitride
  5. Chromium (III) carbonate
  6. Tin (II) fluoride
  7. Ammonium acetate
  8. Ammonium hydrogen carbonate
  9. Cobalt (III) nitrate
  10. Mercury (I) chloride
  11. Potassium chlorate
  12. Sodium hydride
  13. Hydrotelluric acid
  14. Hydrosulfuric acid
  15. Bromic acid
  16. Sulfurous acid


3. Name each of the following compounds.

  1. CuF
  2. AlI3
  3. HI
  4. NO
  5. NF3
  6. N2Cl2
  7. SiF4
  8. H2Se (aq)
  9. HNO3
  10. HNO2
  11. H3PO4
  12. H3P (aq)
  13. Na2SO4
  14. Ca(HCO3)2

Answers:

1.

  1. lead (II) acetate
  2. copper (II) sulfate
  3. magnesium sulfate
  4. magnesium hydroxide
  5. calcium sulfate
  6. dinitrogen monoxide

2.

  1. SF2
  2. SF6
  3. Na3PO4
  4. Li3N
  5. Cr2(CO3)3
  6. SnF2
  7. NH4C2H3O2 or NH4CH3COO
  8. NH4HCO3
  9. Co(NO3)3
  10. Hg2Cl2 (Mercury (I) comes in pairs only)
  11. KClO3
  12. NaH
  13. H2Te (aq)
  14. H2S (aq)
  15. HBrO3
  16. H2SO3

3.

  1. Copper (I) fluoride
  2. aluminum iodide
  3. hydrogen iodide (not an acid because its not in water)
  4. nitrogen monoxide
  5. nitrogen trifluoride
  6. dinitrogen dichloride
  7. silicon tetrafluoride
  8. hydroselenic acid
  9. nitric acid
  10. nitrous acid
  11. phosphoric acid
  12. hydrophosphoric acid
  13. sodium sulfate
  14. calcium hydrogen carbonate or bicarbonate